Crave to know more about Makkah? Well, here’s a nice compilation of ahadeeth related to Makkah and the important things in it (Masjid Al-Haram, Zam-Zam, Black stone, etc):
[Note: The compiler has mentioned the authenticity of all the ahadeeth but for some of them, he has used scholars like Imam Ibn Hibban (rahimahullah), for example, who was known to be very lenient in grading ahadeeth.]
40 Hadeeth about Makkah by Dr. Talaal ibn Muhammad Abu An-Noor
Everyone loves a good history lesson (assuming, of course, that it is not a history lesson, complete with class, books and boring teacher rattling of a whole lot of dates), especially if it’s about that epic journey that we all yearn to make: Hajj.
So, what is the history of Hajj?
Here’s an article which gives us a (brief, too brief) look at it:
[For those of you who are in Saudia Arabia (and hence cannot access Islam QA), I've pasted the article that is mentioned at the end about the History of Makkah right after this one.]
The History of Hajj
I would like you to tell me about the history of Hajj and its rituals. For example, the Muslims perform saa’i, running between al-Safa and al-Marwah, which is what Haajar did. But with regard to the rest, I do not know their origins and I hope that you can tell me – such as the stoning of the Jamaraat, tawaaf, the standing at ‘Arafah, drinking the water of Zamzam, staying overnight in Mina and Muzdalifah, slaughtering the hadiy (sacrifice), etc. Thank you very much.
Praise be to Allaah.
One of the things on which there is scholarly consensus among all the Muslims, ancient and modern, past and present, is that Hajj or pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allaah is one of the five pillars of Islam, as proven in al-Saheehayn from the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) and others.
It is well known that Hajj, like other acts of worship, involves special actions, and each of these actions must be done in the prescribed manner, such as entering ihraam from the meeqaat, tawaaf, saa’i between al-Safa and al-Marwah, standing in ‘Arafah, staying overnight in Muzdalifah, stoning the Jamaraat, slaughtering the sacrifice, and the other well-known actions of Hajj. All of these actions should be done in accordance with the teachings of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). There are very many ahaadeeth which describe the Hajj of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him); these have been compiled by Imam Ibn al-Qayyim in Zaad al-Ma’aad and by al-Haafiz Ibn Katheer in his book al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah; these scholars have also explained the rulings derived from these ahaadeeth. The Muslim should pay attention to learning these rulings and acting upon them.
Going for Umrah or Hajj? Well then, enjoy the sight of the Kabah while you can.
“While you can”, you ask?
This short article will help you understand what I mean:
“Enjoy this House”
With Hajj season coming up, I thought it appropriate to present these narrations regarding the Ka’bah from Hamud at-Tuwayjri’s ‘Ithaf al-Jama’ah’ (3/214):
Ibn ‘Umar narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: “Enjoy and take advantage of this House, as it has been destroyed twice and will be raised up on the third.”
[Reported by Ibn Hibban in his 'Sahih' and the 'Mustadrak' of al-Hakim, and adh-Dhahabi agreed on its authentication in his 'Talkhis']
Ma’mar said: “It has reached me from some that the Ka’bah will be destroyed three times, and will be raised up on the third or fourth time. So, enjoy and take advantage of it.”
[Reported in the 'Musannaf' of 'Abd ar-Razzaq]
Ka’b said regarding the Ka’bah: “You will destroy it three times, O people. It will then be raised up on the fourth time. So, enjoy and take advantage of it.”
[Reported in the 'Musannaf' of 'Abd ar-Razzaq with a chain that is authentic according to the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim]